Japan attacked Pearl Harbor to avoid embarrassment
When Japanese civilians learned their navy had bombed the US fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941, they were jubilant. For years, people had suffered under austerity brought on by US sanctions and the country’s mobilization for war. The mood quickly changed. Pundits have long puzzled over why Japan, embroiled in an unwinnable war in China, attacked a country that supplied most of its oil and had an economy 70 times its own.